Lorazepam, sold under the brand name Ativan, is a prescription medication belonging to the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines. It is primarily used for the short-term treatment of anxiety disorders and as a pre-anesthetic medication to induce sedation and relaxation before medical procedures. It works by enhancing the effects of a neurotransmitter in the brain called gamma, which helps to reduce anxiety and promote calmness.
They were available in oral tablets, sublingual tablets, and injectable forms. The oral tablets are typically taken two to three times daily, while the sublingual tablets are placed under the tongue and dissolve quickly. Healthcare professionals administer the injectable form in hospital settings.
In addition to its anti-anxiety properties, it is a short-term treatment for insomnia, acute seizures, and alcohol withdrawal symptoms. It can be an effective medication for relieving symptoms quickly, but it is generally prescribed for short-term use due to the potential for dependence and tolerance.